|Lethal and sublethal tolerances of aquatic oligochaetes with reference to their use as a biotic index of pollution|
Chapman, P.M.; Brinkhurst, R.O. (1984). Lethal and sublethal tolerances of aquatic oligochaetes with reference to their use as a biotic index of pollution. Hydrobiologia 115: 139-144
In: Hydrobiologia. Springer: The Hague. ISSN 0018-8158, more
|Also published as |
- Chapman, P.M.; Brinkhurst, R.O. (1984). Lethal and sublethal tolerances of aquatic oligochaetes with reference to their use as a biotic index of pollution, in: Bonomi, G. et al. (Ed.) Aquatic Oligochaeta: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Aquatic Oligochaete Biology, held in Pallanza, Italy, September 21-24, 1982. Developments in Hydrobiology, 24: pp. 139-144, more
|Authors|| || Top |
- Chapman, P.M.
- Brinkhurst, R.O.
A series of recent studies have been completed by the authors involving: 1) determining the lethal tolerances of 12 oligochaete species classified (from ecological studies) as tolerant, moderately tolerant and intolerant to selected chemical toxicants and environmental factors under defined bioassay conditions with and without sediment; 2) determining lethal tolerances of candidate species to toxicants in combination with a range of abiotic factors; 3) measuring respiratory stress imposed by exposure to individual and combined sublethal concentrations of toxicants and environmental factors; and, 4) determining differences in lethal tolerance and respiratory stress between individual and mixed species. Surprisingly few previous studies have been done in this area considering the importance of oligochaetes as field pollution indicators. The results of the above major studies coupled with histopathological work are reviewed. Data from these studies substantiate the present use of oligochaete species assemblages as indicators of organic pollution and suggest their use in the laboratory for toxicant screening tests. The range of responses of different oligochaete species to individual and combined stress is complex, particularly in mixed species, which provides useful indications of specific stress factors. The application of these experimental laboratory studies to field situations is described.