|Effects of ultra-violet irradiation on sperm motility and diploid gynogenesis induction in large yellow croaker (Pseudosciaena crocea) undergoing cold shock|
|Xu, J.-H.; You, F.; Yan, B.-L.; Zhang, P.-J. (2007). Effects of ultra-violet irradiation on sperm motility and diploid gynogenesis induction in large yellow croaker (Pseudosciaena crocea) undergoing cold shock. Aquacult. Int. 15(5): 371-382. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10499-007-9101-6|
|In: Aquaculture International. Springer: London. ISSN 0967-6120, more|
Cold shock; Gynogenesis; Pseudosciaena crocea (Richardson, 1846) [WoRMS]; Marine; Brackish water
Large yellow croaker, Pseudosciaena crocea, exhibit sexually dimorphic growth, with females growing faster and reaching larger adult sizes than males. Thus, development of techniques for preferentially producing females is necessary to optimize production of these species. We have established a protocol to produce all-female croaker P. crocea through induction of meiotic gynogenesis with homologous sperm. The first set of experiments investigated the ultra-violet (UV) irradiation on sperm motility and duration of sperm activity to determine the optimal UV dosage for genetic inactivation of sperm, yet retaining adequate motility for activation of eggs. Milt from several males was diluted 1:100 with Ringer's solution and UV irradiated with doses ranging from 0-150 J cm-2. The results indicated that motility and duration of activity generally decreased with increased UV doses. At UV doses greater than 105 J cm-2, after fertilization, motility was <10% and fertilization rates were significantly lower. Highest hatching rate was obtained at 75 J cm-2. A second set of experiments was carried out to determine appropriate conditions of cold shock for retention of the 2nd polar body in P. crocea eggs after fertilization with UV-inactivated sperm by altering the timing, temperature and duration of shock. At 20°C, shock applied at 3 min after fertilization resulted in higher survival rate of larvae at 6 h after hatching. Results of different combinations of three shock temperatures (2°C, 3°C or 4°C) and five shock durations (4 min, 8 min, 12 min, 16 min or 20 min) at 3 min after fertilization demonstrated that shocks of 12 min gave highest production of diploid gynogens. Statistical analysis revealed that maximum production of diploid gynogens (44.55 ± 2.99%) were obtained at 3°C. The results of this study indicate that the use of UV-irradiated homologous sperm for activation of P. crocea eggs and cold shock for polar body retention is an effective method for producing gynogenetic offspring.