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Thermodynamics of the carbon dioxide system in seawater. Report by the carbon dioxide sub-panel of the joint panel on oceanographic tables and standards
(1987). Thermodynamics of the carbon dioxide system in seawater. Report by the carbon dioxide sub-panel of the joint panel on oceanographic tables and standards. UNESCO Technical Papers in Marine Science = Documents techniques de l'Unesco sur les sciences de la mer, 51. UNESCO: Paris. v, 21 + annexes pp.
Part of: UNESCO Technical Papers in Marine Science = Documents techniques de l'Unesco sur les sciences de la mer. UNESCO: Paris. ISSN 0503-4299, more

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Keywords
    Seawater; Marine

Abstract
    This report contains the result of the deliberations of the Sub-Panel on Carbon Dioxide of the Joint Panel on Oceanographic Tables and Standards.Recommendations are presented for pH scales in seawater. Particular emphasis is given to a new set of standards that can be used in seawater or seawater-like solutions.Best fit equations are suggested for the first and second dissociation constants of carbonic acid and the dissociation constant of boric acid as functions of temperature, salinity, and pressure. In addition recommendations are presented for the solubility products of calcite and aragonite in seawater as functions of temperature, salinity, and pressure.Recommendations are presented with respect to future work that will lead to the refinement of the thermodynamic data base on the carbonic acid system in seawater.

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