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Induction of reverse development in two marine Hydrozoans
Schmich, J.; Kraus, Y.; De Vito, D.; Graziussi, D.; Boero, F.; Piraino, S. (2007). Induction of reverse development in two marine Hydrozoans. Int. J. Dev. Biol. 51: 45-56. dx.doi.org/10.1387/ijdb.062152js
In: International Journal of Developmental Biology. UBC Press: Bilbao. ISSN 0214-6282, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 127710 [ MOA ]

Keywords
    Development (biological); Heat shock; Metamorphosis; Cnidaria [WoRMS]

Authors  Top 
  • Schmich, J.
  • Kraus, Y.
  • De Vito, D.
  • Graziussi, D.
  • Boero, F., more
  • Piraino, S., more

Abstract
    Cnidarians are unique organisms in the animal kingdom because of their unequalled potential to undergo reverse development (RD). The life cycle of some species can temporarily shift ordinary, downstream development from zygote to adult into the opposite ontogenetic direction by back-transformation of some life stages. The potential for RD in cnidarians offers the possibility to investigate how integrative signalling networks operate to control directionality of ontogeny (reverse vs. normal development). Striking examples are found in some hydrozoans, where RD of medusa bud or liberated medusa stages leads to rejuvenation of the post-larval polyp stage. Artificial stress may determine ontogeny reversal. We describe here the results of experimental assays on artificial induction of RD by different chemical and physical inducers on two marine hydrozoans, Turritopsis dohrnii and Hydractinia carnea, showing a different potential for RD. A cascade of morphogenetic events occurs during RD by molecular mechanisms and cellular patterns recalling larval metamorphosis. For the first time, we show here that exposure to cesium chloride (CsCl), an inducer of larval metamorphosis, may also induce RD, highlighting similarities and differences between these two master ontogenetic processes in cnidarians.

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