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Probabilistic approach to polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) exposure through eel consumption in recreational fishermen vs. the general population
Bilau, M.; Sioen, I.; Matthys, C.; De Vocht, A.; Goemans, G.; Belpaire, C.; Willems, J.L.; De Henauw, S. (2007). Probabilistic approach to polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) exposure through eel consumption in recreational fishermen vs. the general population. Food Addit. Contam. 24(12): 1-8. dx.doi.org/10.1080/02652030701459848
In: Food Additives and Contaminants. Taylor & Francis: London. ISSN 0265-203X, more
Peer reviewed article

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 127843 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Dietary guidelines; Environmental contamination; Exposure; Fisheries; Human food; PCB; Polychlorinated biphenyls; Recreation; Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; Belgium [Marine Regions]; Marine; Brackish water; Fresh water

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Abstract
    Concentrations of the sum of the seven indicator PCBs (b.Sigma7 iPCBs) measured in non-commercial European eel (Anguilla anguilla L.) in Flanders are high: in 80% of all sampled localities, the Belgian PCB standard for fish was exceeded. The objective of this study was to assess the intake of the b.Sigma7 iPCBs through consumption of eel by recreational fishermen and to compare it to the intake of a background population. The median estimated intake for recreational fishermen varied between 18.4 and 237.6 ng iPCBs kg-1 bw day-1, depending on the consumption scenario, while the estimated intake of the background population (consumers only) was 4.3 ng iPCBs kg-1 bw day-1. Since the levels of intake via eel for two intake scenarios were, respectively, 50 and 25 times higher than the intake of the background population, the body burden (BB) might be proportionally higher and reach levels of toxicological relevance. The intake of the seven iPCBs via consumption of self-caught eel in Flanders is at a level to cause serious concern. The Flemish catch-and-release obligation for eel, established in 2002, should be maintained and supervised (more) carefully.

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