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Learned defences and counterdefences in predator-prey interactions
Kelley, J.L.; Magurran, A.E. (2006). Learned defences and counterdefences in predator-prey interactions, in: Brown, C. et al. (Ed.) Fish cognition and behavior. Fish and Aquatic Resources Series, 11: pp. 28-48
In: Brown, C.; Laland, K.N.; Krause, J. (Ed.) (2006). Fish cognition and behavior. Fish and Aquatic Resources Series, 11. Blackwell Publishing: Oxford. ISBN 978-1-4051-3429-3. XVIII, 328 pp., more
In: Pitcher, T.J. (Ed.) Fish and Aquatic Resources Series. Blackwell Science: Oxford. ISSN 1746-2606, more

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Keywords
    Activity patterns; Aquaculture; Community composition; Environmental impact; Food organisms; Habitat selection; Marine fish; Moon phases; Predator prey interactions; Argentina, Buenos Aire, Lima [Marine Regions]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Kelley, J.L.
  • Magurran, A.E.

Abstract
    Living with predators is an unavoidable aspect of life for almost all fishes. The activity patterns of predators are highly variable over space and time and consequently prey are faced with the continual need to balance their habitat use (Chapter 7), foraging decisions (Chapter 2) and reproduction (Chapter 5) with the risk of predation (Lima & Dill 1990; Kats & Dill 1998; Lima 1998). Learning is the mechanism by which prey can achieve this important outcome because it allows prey to fine-tune their antipredator responses to variations in predation risk that can occur seasonally, across lunar cycles and on a moment-to-moment basis (Lima & Bednekoff 1999). Through learned predator recognition, prey can respond to novel introduced predators (Kristensen & Closs 2004), changes in community structure (Pollock & Chivers 2004), or learn a response to predators that were previously extinct in the local area (Berger et al. 2001).

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