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Cytotoxic and anti-microbial activity of the sponge Iotrochota sp. as a function of size and spatial competitors
Luter, H.M.; Duckworth, A.R.; Syms, C. (2007). Cytotoxic and anti-microbial activity of the sponge Iotrochota sp. as a function of size and spatial competitors. Mar. Biol. Res. 3(5): 312-318
In: Marine Biology Research. Taylor & Francis: Oslo; Basingstoke. ISSN 1745-1000, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Keywords
    Cytotoxicity; Size; Sponges; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Luter, H.M.
  • Duckworth, A.R.
  • Syms, C.

Abstract
    Secondary metabolites from marine invertebrates, such as sponges, have diverse ecological roles and may be used in anti-predation, anti-fouling and spatial competition. The thin encrusting sponge Iotrochota sp., found on the Great Barrier Reef, Australia, contains several novel indoles that may aid in spatial competition. To examine whether levels of surrounding competition affect the toxicity of Iotrochota sp., 24 sponges from Salamander Reef, Central Great Barrier Reef, subject to either high or low levels of surrounding competition, were sampled. Tissue samples were taken from areas where the sponge was in direct competition with neighbouring sessile invertebrates, as well as from areas where competition was less obvious. Compounds from the tissue samples were extracted and tested in both cytotoxicity and anti-microbial assays. However, neither cytotoxicity nor anti-microbial activity varied significantly between the high and low competition treatments. Cytotoxicity was greatest among large sponges, suggesting that size is an important factor contributing to the toxicity of Iotrochota sp. sponges in this study.

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