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Acclimation of photosynthesis and pigments to seasonally changing light conditions in the endemic Antarctic red macroalga Palmaria decipiens
Lüder, U.H.; Knoetzel, J.; Wiencke, C. (2001). Acclimation of photosynthesis and pigments to seasonally changing light conditions in the endemic Antarctic red macroalga Palmaria decipiens. Polar Biol. 24(8): 598-603. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s003000100260
In: Polar Biology. Springer-Verlag: Berlin. ISSN 0722-4060, more
Peer reviewed article

Keywords
    Light duration; Photosynthesis; Photosynthetic pigments; Seasonal changes; Palmaria decipiens (Reinsch) R.W.Ricker, 1987 [WoRMS]; PSW, Antarctica, South Shetland I., King George I. [gazetteer]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Lüder, U.H.
  • Knoetzel, J.
  • Wiencke, C.

Abstract
    The influence of seasonally fluctuating Antarctic daylengths on the photosynthetic apparatus of Palmaria decipiens was studied in culture experiments. Maximal photosynthetic activity (ETRmax) and maximal quantum yield (Fv/Fm), measured by in vivo chlorophyll fluorescence, and concentrations of pigments (phycobiliproteins and Chl a) were determined monthly. Fv/Fm remained constantly high between 0.62 and 0.67 during mid-autumn, winter and spring. ETRmax and pigment contents increased continuously in mid-autumn and winter and were highest in spring. A positive correlation between pigments and ETRmax was found. In summer, ETRmax, Fv/Fm and pigment levels decreased to their lowest values. P. decipiens acclimated by increasing phycobilisome (PBS) number and changing PBS structure, probably changing rod length and rod number. The data show that P. decipiens is efficiently adapted to the short period of favourable light conditions in the field. A photoperiodic control of pigment synthesis triggered by daylength is suggested.

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