|A new trend in the development of the phytoplankton in the Oosterschelde (SW Netherlands) during and after the construction of a storm-surge barrier|
Bakker, C.; Herman, P.M.J.; Vink, M. (1994). A new trend in the development of the phytoplankton in the Oosterschelde (SW Netherlands) during and after the construction of a storm-surge barrier. Hydrobiologia 282-283: 79-100
In: Hydrobiologia. Springer: The Hague. ISSN 0018-8158, more
|Also published as |
- Bakker, C.; Herman, P.M.J.; Vink, M. (1994). A new trend in the development of the phytoplankton in the Oosterschelde (SW Netherlands) during and after the construction of a storm-surge barrier, in: Nienhuis, P.H. et al. (Ed.) The Oosterschelde Estuary (The Netherlands): a case-study of a changing ecosystem. Hydrobiologia, 97: pp. 79-100, more
Algal blooms; Diatoms; Environment; Environment; Flagellates; Growth; Light; Nutrients; Nutrients; Salinity; Prymnesiophyceae [WoRMS]; Marine; Brackish water
During the pre-barrier period (1982-83), the Oosterschelde phytoplankton were a diatom-dominated community, comprising a species-rich assemblage throughout the year. Assemblages of spring, early summer and summer, developed in response to a gradually evolving turbidity-light gradient during the course of the year. During the barrier-construction period (1984-87), characterized by decreasing current velocities, increasing sedimentation of suspended matter, increasing water transparencies and unchanged nutrient conditions, the growth season for the phytoplankton started earlier and lasted longer. Some flagellate species responded by much higher biomass than before. The impact of short-term climatic factors during this period, notably severe winters, could be illustrated with examples of clear responses of some species (e.g. Biddulphia aurita). In the post-barrier years (1987-90) a changed light-nutrient-salinity regime (i.e. much light, limitation of nitrate, high salinity) was demonstrated and an extended summerseason developed, without the original gradual transitions. This was reflected in an a-seasonal trend of the phytoplankton assemblage, where summer species were already observed in spring and spring species decreased in abundance. In summer small flagellates increased and some weakly silicified diatom species made their appearance. In the eastern compartment no colony formation of Phaeocystis occurred in summer and this was thought to be due to nitrate limitation. Changes in abundance of some species (Phaeocystis, Ditylum brightwellii, Skeletonema costatum), occurring during the entire period of investigation (I 982-90), could be explained using field observations compared with experimental evidence from the literature. The relationship between species composition and biomass on the one hand and environmental variables on the other hand, was analysed in a Canonical Correspondence Analysis, for both compartments separately.
- Phytoplankton in the Oosterschelde before, during and after the storm-surge barrier (1982-1990), more