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Three new species and one re-description of Aka
Calcinai, B.; Cerrano, C.; Bavestrello, G. (2007). Three new species and one re-description of Aka. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. Spec. Issue 87(6): 1355-1365. dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0025315407058377
In: Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Cambridge University Press/Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom: Cambridge. ISSN 0025-3154, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Calcinai, B.
  • Cerrano, C.
  • Bavestrello, G.

Abstract
    Three new species of the boring genus Aka, A. coralliirubri, A. microterebrans and A. ruetzleri are described respectively from the Mediterranean Sea, Celebes Sea and Caribbean Sea. The Indo-Pacific A. maldiviensis, known only for the structure of its epilithic fistules, is here described in more detail. The new species confirm that the sponges comprising the genus Aka are able to bore in biogenic substrata only, in particular coral rock, bivalve shells and the scleraxis of the precious coral Corallium. The study of the macroscopic excavation shows that three different patterns can be described: producing discrete boring chambers, large undivided cavities and interconnecting microtunnels giving rise to a spongious aspect of the substratum.

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