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Surface deposit feeding versus filter feeding in the amphipod Corophium volutator
Riisgård, H.U.; Schotge, P. (2007). Surface deposit feeding versus filter feeding in the amphipod Corophium volutator. Mar. Biol. Res. 3(6): 421-427. dx.doi.org/10.1080/17451000701696302
In: Marine Biology Research. Taylor & Francis: Oslo; Basingstoke. ISSN 1745-1000, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Corophium volutator (Pallas, 1766) [WoRMS]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Riisgård, H.U.
  • Schotge, P.

Abstract
    The previously indicated ability of the amphipod Corophium volutator to switch between deposit feeding and filter feeding was confirmed and studied in more detail in controlled laboratory experiments in which filtration rate measurements were combined with simultaneous video recordings of surface-feeding activity of the amphipod exposed to different known concentrations of algal (Tetraselmis sp.) cells. When algal cells were added to the ambient water, this stimulated C. volutator, buried in natural sediment or transferred to glass tubes, to commence filter feeding, which was maintained as long as the algal concentration was kept above a certain threshold level. However, shortly after the algal concentration was grazed below the threshold level, filter feeding was abandoned and replaced by surface deposit feeding, as evident from a video observed increase in surface scraping frequency. The average frequency of surface scraping was 0.64±0.27 min-1, with a residence time of 3.7±1.4 s on the sediment surface where the amphipod grabbed material within a semicircle. Such detailed knowledge of filter feeding versus deposit feeding in C. volutator is of importance for a better understanding of the ecological role of this key organism in many shallow-water ecosystems where the feeding conditions are frequently changing.

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