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Changes in d13C and d15N in different tissues of juvenile sand goby Pomatoschistus minutus: a laboratory diet-switch experiment
Guelinckx, J.; Maes, J.; Van Den Driessche, P.; Geysen, B.; Dehairs, F.A.; Ollevier, F.P. (2007). Changes in d13C and d15N in different tissues of juvenile sand goby Pomatoschistus minutus: a laboratory diet-switch experiment. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 341: 205-215. dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps341205
In: Marine Ecology Progress Series. Inter-Research: Oldendorf. ISSN 0171-8630, more
Peer reviewed article

Also published as
  • Guelinckx, J.; Maes, J.; Van Den Driessche, P.; Geysen, B.; Dehairs, F.A.; Ollevier, F.P. (2008). Changes in d13C and d15N in different tissues of juvenile sand goby Pomatoschistus minutus: a laboratory diet-switch experiment, in: Guelinckx, J. (2008). Estuarien habitatgebruik door een grondelsoort: een geochemische benadering = Estuarine habitat use by a goby species: a geochemical approach. : pp. 47-63, more

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 131084 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Carbon isotopes; Diets; Experimental research; Juveniles; Metabolism; Nitrogen isotopes; Gobiidae [WoRMS]; Pomatoschistus minutus (Pallas, 1770) [WoRMS]; ANE, Netherlands, Oosterschelde [gazetteer]; Marine
Author keywords
    stable isotopes; carbon; nitrogen; isotopic turnover rate; metabolism; fasting; trophic enrichment; Gobiidae

Authors  Top 
  • Guelinckx, J., more
  • Maes, J., more
  • Van Den Driessche, P., more

Abstract
    Studies on diet or migration of organisms based on stable isotopes require precise estimates of how quickly stable isotope ratios change in the investigated tissues. Isotopic turnover rates in fish, however, are poorly understood. Prior to field applications of the stable isotope technique for investigating sand goby Pomatoschistus minutus migrations, a laboratory diet-switch experiment was conducted to (1) determine C and N isotopic turnover rates in sand goby muscle, liver and heart tissue, and (2) evaluate the relative contribution of growth and metabolic replacement to the total change in isotopic composition. Both time-based and growth-based models adequately described the carbon and nitrogen isotopic change in each tissue. The variation in isotopic turnover rates among the tissues and elements could be attributed to differences in metabolic activity. Muscle tissue had the slowest turnover rates, with half-lives of approximately 25 and 28 d for d13C and d15N, respectively. The shortest half-life value for d15N was in liver tissue (3 d) and for d13C in heart tissue (6 d). The rate of isotopic change in goby muscle tissue was mainly regulated by somatic growth, but metabolic replacement significantly accelerated the turnover rate for d13C. In liver and heart tissue, basal metabolism contributed considerably to the isotopic shift. As a result, effects of short-term food deprivation were only found in liver and heart tissue. Although the observed trophic fractionation factors were within reported ranges, they were exceptionally large for d13C in muscle and liver tissue.

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