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Benthic nutrient flux in a shallow coastal environment
Pomroy, A.J.; Joint, I.R.; Clarke, K.R. (1983). Benthic nutrient flux in a shallow coastal environment. Oecologia 60(3): 306-312
In: Oecologia. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0029-8549, more
Peer reviewed article  

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    Biomass; Nutrient cycles; Oxygen consumption; Phytoplankton; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Pomroy, A.J.
  • Joint, I.R.
  • Clarke, K.R.

    Ammonia and nitrate efflux from a fine sand in Carmarthen Bay (Wales), was studied by incubating undisturbed cores of sediment on board ship. At the end of each incubation, the macrofaunal and bacterial biomass in each core and the organic content of the sediment were determined. Oxygen consumption was measured in another series of cores. The relationship between ammonia flux and biomass was investigated using a lattice of hypotheses approach to multiple linear regression, where all possible submodels of a general model are fitted. Ammonia flux was significantly related to the biomass of polychaetes and molluscs and "other macrofauna" but the inclusion of bacterial biomass did not improve the regressions. The estimated annual efflux of ammonia was 778 mmol N m-2 which is 44% of the estimated annual nitrogen demand of the phytoplankton. However, at the time of maximum primary production in June, only 16% of the phytoplankton requirement for nitrogen was met by benthic ammonia flux.

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