|Tank test of vessel entry and exit for third set of Panama locks|
|Delefortrie, G.; Willems, M.; Laforce, E.; Vantorre, M.; De Mulder, T.; De Regge, J.; Wong, J. (2008). Tank test of vessel entry and exit for third set of Panama locks, in: (2008). The Proceedings of the International Navigation Seminar following PIANC AGA 2008. pp. 517-530|
|In: (2008). The Proceedings of the International Navigation Seminar following PIANC AGA 2008. China Communications Press[s.l.]. ISBN 978-7-114-07129-4. 715 pp., more|
Density flow; Experimental research; Forces; Manoeuvrability; Scale models; Ship models; Ship motion; Tests; Vessels; ASW, Panama, Panama Canal [gazetteer]; Marine
Ship locks; Scheepssluizen
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The Panama Canal Authority (ACP) plans to extend the capacity of and allow larger ships to the Canal by building a so-called third lane, consisting of a new set of locks parallel to the existing ones. The design ship is a so-called Post-Panamax 12000 TEU container carrier. In order to optimise the approach to and the manoeuvres within the locks, in 2007-2008 experimental research has been conducted at Flanders Hydraulics Research, Antwerp, Belgium on a 1/80 scale model of the approach lane, the lock and the design vessel. With the ship model moving along a guiding rail, lateral forces acting on the ship and movements of the vessel can be recorded during a selection of entrance and exit manoeuvres. During a number of tests, the effect of density exchange current was examined. The present article offers an overview of the test-setup with a discussion of a few interesting results of the test runs.