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Survey evaluations to assess marine bioinvasions
Campbell, M.L.; Gould, B.; Hewitt, C.L. (2007). Survey evaluations to assess marine bioinvasions. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 55(7-9): 360-378.
In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. Macmillan: London. ISSN 0025-326X, more
Peer reviewed article  

Also published as
  • Campbell, M.L.; Gould, B.; Hewitt, C.L. (2007). Survey evaluations to assess marine bioinvasions, in: Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A. et al. (Ed.) Marine bioinvasions: a collection of reviews. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 55(Spec. Issue 7-9): pp. 360-378., more

Available in  Authors 

    Biodiversity; Introduced species; Surveys; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Campbell, M.L.
  • Gould, B.
  • Hewitt, C.L.

    Countries need to know what species are present within their waters to effectively manage the issue of non-indigenous marine species. Five survey methods are currently employed to detect introduced marine species: the Hewitt and Martin protocols (66% of effort; 73 ports, 12 countries); Rapid Assessment Surveys (7% of effort; 8 regions, 4 countries); the Bishop Museum protocols (7% of effort; 8 ports, 3 countries); the Chilean aquaculture surveys (1% of effort; numerous regions; 1 country); and Passive Sampling protocols (18% of effort; 20 ports, 2 countries). These methods use either quantitative, qualitative, or a mixture of the two sampling techniques and tend to target locations that are potential inoculation sites (i.e., such as ports, marinas and aquaculture facilities). To date, introduced marine species surveys have been implemented in 19 countries and have detected more than 1185 non-indigenous, 735 cryptogenic and 15,315 native species.

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