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Algae, macrofaunal assemblages and temperature: A quantitative approach to intertidal ecosystems of Iceland
Espinosa, F.; Guerra-García, J.M. (2005). Algae, macrofaunal assemblages and temperature: A quantitative approach to intertidal ecosystems of Iceland. Helgol. Mar. Res. 59(4): 273-285. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10152-005-0003-6
In: Helgoland Marine Research. Springer: Berlin; Heidelberg. ISSN 1438-387X, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Algae; Fauna; Intertidal environment; Temperature; Corallina officinalis Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]; ANE, Iceland [Marine Regions]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Espinosa, F.
  • Guerra-García, J.M.

Abstract
    Algae and the associated macrofauna in two Icelandic intertidal ecosystems under cold and warm influence, respectively, were studied with respect to algae-macrofauna relationships and a possible effect of temperature on community structure. Two sites in Iceland were selected, Sandgerdi ligthhouse (64°8?N 22°40'W) on the southwestern coast, and Grimsey Island (66°33'N 18°04'W), in the north, on the Arctic Circle, where sea temperature is considerably lower (5° approximately). The biomass of algae and the number of species of algae and macrofauna were higher in Sandgerdi than in Grimsey, and the patterns of diversity, evenness, biomass and abundance also differed between the sites. In the intertidal zone of Sandgerdi, a total of 28 species of algae and 45 species of macrofauna were identified whereas only 16 algal species and 27 macrofaunal species were found in Grimsey. Canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) using algal biomass as the environmental variable were conducted, and revealed significant relationships between algae composition and the associated macrofauna; some macrofauna taxa showed specific trophic or refuge relationships with algal species. According to the CCA, Corallina officinalis showed the highest correlation with macrofaunal assemblages in both study sites. However, correlations between macrofauna and other algae differed between Grimsey and Sandgerdi. The present study, together with additional observations in Greenland waters, shows a general decrease of species richness and diversity towards the north which may primarily be due to the temperature regime. .

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