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Differential growth of the barnacle Notobalanus flosculus (Archaeobalanidae) onto artificial and live substrates in the Beagle Channel, Argentina
Venerus, L.A.; Calcagno, J.A.; Lovrich, G.A.; Nahabedian, D.E. (2005). Differential growth of the barnacle Notobalanus flosculus (Archaeobalanidae) onto artificial and live substrates in the Beagle Channel, Argentina. Helgol. Mar. Res. 59(3): 196-205. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10152-005-0219-5
In: Helgoland Marine Research. Springer: Berlin; Heidelberg. ISSN 1438-387X, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Epibiosis; Growth; Sexual maturity; World; Cirripedia [WoRMS]; Notobalanus flosculus (Darwin, 1854) [WoRMS]; Paralomis granulosa (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1846) [WoRMS]; Thoracica [WoRMS]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Venerus, L.A.
  • Calcagno, J.A.
  • Lovrich, G.A.
  • Nahabedian, D.E.

Abstract
    In the Beagle Channel, southern South America (ca. 55°S 67°W), about 20% of false king crabs (Paralomis granulosa) >80 mm carapace length are fouled with the barnacle Notobalanus flosculus. To evaluate differences in growth rates of barnacles attached to artificial and live substrates, clay tiles were anchored as collectors to the bottom at two different sites in the Beagle Channel in September 1996: in Ushuaia harbour (low currents and high levels of suspended matter) and around the Bridges Islands (strong currents and low level of suspended matter). Another set of collectors was deployed at the same sites in October 1998 to collect barnacles for histological studies. Tiles were removed from each place, approximately, on a monthly basis. Carapaces of P. granulosa with the epizoic N. flosculus were sampled between November 1996 and 1997, and between March 1998 and September 1999, to study sexual maturation of barnacles. Growth of barnacles was compared between the collectors and P. granulosa carapaces following a qualitative approach. A sexual maturity scale was defined, based on the stage of development of the female reproductive apparatus of N. flosculus. Growth rate of barnacles was highest in the harbour, intermediate on P. granulosa, and lowest around the Bridges Islands. Presence of oocytes was registered only in epizoic barnacles, suggesting that at least a proportion of these individuals is able to spawn on the carapaces. The potential advantages of settling on a living substrate, namely increased availability of food particles and decreased predation risks are discussed.

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