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A new genus of monstrilloid copepods (Crustacea) with anteriorly pointing ovigerous spines and related adaptations for subthoracic brooding
Grygier, M.J.; Ohtsuka, S. (2008). A new genus of monstrilloid copepods (Crustacea) with anteriorly pointing ovigerous spines and related adaptations for subthoracic brooding. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 152(3): 459-506. dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.2007.00381.x
In: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. Academic Press: London. ISSN 0024-4082, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Coral reefs; Eggs; Nauplii; Plankton; Scanning electron microscopy; Taxonomy; Copepoda [WoRMS]; Monstrilloida [WoRMS]; ISEW, Ryukyu Trench; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Grygier, M.J.
  • Ohtsuka, S.

Abstract
    Maemonstrilla gen. nov., known exclusively from females, is proposed for Monstrilla longipes A. Scott, 1909, M. turgida A. Scott, 1909, and five new species from coral reef plankton in the Ryukyu Islands, Japan: Maemonstrilla hyottoko sp. nov. (type species), M. polka sp. nov., M. spinicoxa sp. nov., M. simplex sp. nov. and M. okame sp. nov. A syntype of M. turgida was examined, but the holotype of M. longipes is lost; the latter species, being similar to several of the new species, is regarded as unidentifiable, and the identity of specimens assigned to it by several authors is put in doubt. Until now, all known female monstrilloids have had posteriorly trailing ovigerous spines, but in Maemonstrilla gen. nov. these spines point anteriorly and hold the egg mass between the legs beneath the thorax. This is the first known instance of subthoracic brooding in a planktonic copepod; its functional significance is discussed, and brooding habits of non-planktonic copepods are briefly reviewed. The intercoxal sclerites of legs 1-4 in Maemonstrilla gen. nov. are very wide, making room for the eggs. In all species except M. turgida comb. nov., the inner seta of the proximal segment of each leg ramus is either absent or reduced to a nub; this may lessen interference of the egg mass with leg movement. All species have a uniramous leg 5 with two setae, except M. turgida comb. nov. (biramous with setae on both rami); M. turgida comb. nov. is evidently the sister-group of its congeners, each sister-group in the genus being defined by additional autapomorphies. Scanning electron micrographs of all the Ryukyuan species except M. simplex sp. nov. are provided; these constitute a preliminary survey of monstrilloid integumental organs and cuticular ornamentation. Among the unusual features are two lobes at the base of the coxa in legs 1-4 of M. polka sp. nov. and M. spinicoxa sp. nov. and two pairs of posterodorsal spine-like scales on the first and second free pedigers of M. turgida comb. nov. Newly hatched nauplii of M. okame sp. nov., examined by scanning electron microscopy, are generally similar to those of Monstrilla hamatapex Grygier & Ohtsuka, 1995, but with a different mandibular structure in which the distal hook and seta clearly represent the endopod, not enditic armament of the basis.

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