|North Sea Elasmobranchs: distribution, abundance and biodiversity|
Daan, N.; Heessen, H.; ter Hofstede, R. (2005). North Sea Elasmobranchs: distribution, abundance and biodiversity. CM Documents - ICES, CM 2005(N:06). ICES: Copenhagen. 15 pp.
Part of: ICES CM Documents - ICES. ICES: Copenhagen. ISSN 1015-4744, more
Abundance; Biodiversity; Distribution; Elasmobranchii [WoRMS]; ANE, North Sea [Marine Regions]; Marine
Based on data from various international and national surveys, an overview is given of the fine-scale distribution (resolution of 20’longitude * 10’ latitude; ~ 10*10 nm) and trends in abundance of elasmobranch species reported from the North Sea. Presence-absence maps are produced based on 4 surveys, which help to delineate distribution limits of the less common species, while maps in terms of catch rates (International Bottom Trawl Survey data only) are given for the seven most common shark and ray species. While the results largely confirm published information, the higher resolution helps to delineate actual concentrations, which should prove useful when trying to relate abundance to habitat requirements. Trends in abundance do not reveal a consistent pattern across species. Some have markedly increased over the last 30 years, some have markedly decreased and some have remained remarkably stable. In a separate analysis, the information on number of species is integrated in a spatial biodiversity index for the elasmobranch community, by applying a novel method of correcting for differences in sampling effort. Although there are conceptual scientific problems in applying such biodiversity indices because of arbitrary choices of the level of effort for which the index is calculated, a highly consistent pattern emerges: a strong east-west gradient, with the species-richest elasmobranch community being largely restricted to the area off the British coast from the Channel to the Shetlands and virtually no elasmobranch species along the continental coast. This has clear implications for management, because any measure aimed at their conservation should take these spatial effects into account.