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Microalgae biodiversity and biomass status in Qua Iboe Estuary mangrove swamp, Nigeria
Essien, J.P.; Antai, S.P.; Benson, N.U. (2008). Microalgae biodiversity and biomass status in Qua Iboe Estuary mangrove swamp, Nigeria. Aquat. Ecol. 42(1): 71-81. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10452-007-9083-5
In: Aquatic Ecology. Springer: Dordrecht; London; Boston. ISSN 1386-2588, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Algae; Biomass; Density; Mangrove swamps; Actinoptychus undulatus (J.W.Bailey) Ralfs, 1861 [WoRMS]; Amphora ovalis (Kützing) Kützing, 1844 [WoRMS]; Navicula radiosa Kützing, 1844 [WoRMS]; Nigeria [Marine Regions]; Marine; Brackish water

Authors  Top 
  • Essien, J.P.
  • Antai, S.P.
  • Benson, N.U.

Abstract
    Microalgae composition, abundance, diversity and biomass of the Qua Iboe Estuary mangrove swamp were studied. The results revealed the rich assemblage of the brackish ecosystem. Six major taxanomic classes were encountered. These were the Bacillariophyceae, Cyanophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Chrysophyceae, Euglenophyceae and Phaeophyceae. Their composition, abundance and diversity exhibits strong seasonal variation. Variations between pelagic and sedimentary habitats were also noticed. The diatoms (Bacillariophyceae) dominated the habitats. Actinoptychus undalatus, Navicula radiosa and Amphora ovalis co-dominated the pelagic water column; while the epipellic (intertidal) and benthic (subtidal) sediments were co-dominated by A. ovalis and Actinoptychus undulatus. Analyses of the Shannon's index of general diversity (H1), McArthur-Terborgh species equitability index (E) and Simpson's index of dominance (D) of the microalgae communities revealed that A. ovalis with a mean H1 -value of 0.25, E-value of 0.08 and D-value of 0.05 was the most prevalent genus in the mangrove ecosystem despite its uneven distribution. The densities of the microalgae communities corresponded with their biomass statuses and were seriously impacted by oil spillage. This forms the basis of concern because the estuary is associated with a high probability of major oil pollution with serious consequences for ecological stability and fisheries.

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