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A multi-scale model of the hydrodynamics of the whole Great Barrier Reef
Lambrechts, J.; Hanert, E.; Deleersnijder, E.; Bernard, P.-E.; Legat, V.; Remacle, J.-F.; Wolanski, E. (2008). A multi-scale model of the hydrodynamics of the whole Great Barrier Reef. Est., Coast. and Shelf Sci. 79(1): 143-151. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2008.03.016
In: Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. Academic Press: New York. ISSN 0272-7714, more
Peer reviewed article

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 136229 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Finite element method; Hydrodynamics; Shelf dynamics; ISEW, Great Barrier Reef [gazetteer]; Marine
Author keywords
    Great Barrier Reef; hydrodynamics; shelf dynamics; finite elements; unstructured mesh; East Australian Current

Authors  Top 
  • Lambrechts, J., more
  • Hanert, E., more
  • Deleersnijder, E., more
  • Bernard, P.-E., more

Abstract
    An unstructured-mesh parallel hydrodynamic model of the whole Great Barrier Reef is presented. This model simultaneously simulates most scales of motion. It allows interactions between small- and large-scale processes. The depth-averaged equations of motion are discretized in space by means of a mixed finite element formulation while the time-marching procedure is based on a third order explicit Adams-Bashforth scheme. The mesh is made up of triangles. Their size and shape can be modified easily so as to resolve a wide range of scales of motion, from those of the regional flows to those of the eddies or tidal jets that develop in the vicinity of reefs and islands. The forcings are the surface wind stress, the tides and the inflow from the Coral Sea (East Australian Current, Coral Sea Coastal Current), the latter two forcings being applied along the open boundaries of the computational domain. The numerical results compare favourably with observations of both longshore currents and the local perturbations due to narrow reef passages. Comparisons are also performed with the simulations of a three-dimensional model applied to a small domain centered on Rattray Island, showing that both models produce similar horizontal flow fields. For a structured-mesh model to yield results of the same accuracy, there is no doubt that the computational cost would be much higher.

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