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Growth performance of disk abalone Haliotis discus hannai in pilot- and commercial-scale recirculating aquaculture systems
Park, J.; Kim, P.-K.; Jo, J.-Y. (2008). Growth performance of disk abalone Haliotis discus hannai in pilot- and commercial-scale recirculating aquaculture systems. Aquacult. Int. 16(3): 191-202. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10499-007-9136-8
In: Aquaculture International. Springer: London. ISSN 0967-6120, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Growth; Growth rate; Rearing; Water quality; Haliotis discus hannai Ino, 1953 [WoRMS]; Laminaria japonica Areschoug, 1851 [WoRMS]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Park, J.
  • Kim, P.-K.
  • Jo, J.-Y.

Abstract
    The study investigated the growth performance of abalone from juvenile to marketable size in a commercial-scale recirculating aquaculture system. The rearing system consisted of 12 raceways (4.0 × 0.8 × 0.6 m) with a protein skimmer and a submerged biofilter for juveniles and 10 raceways (6.6 × 1.3 × 0.6 m) with a protein skimmer and a trickling biofilter for on-growing. Sea mustard (Undaria pinnatifida) and kelp (Laminaria japonica) were fed to the abalone. The total weight of abalone in the recirculating aquaculture system at the juvenile stage increased from 22.0 kg (average shell length 24.5 mm) to 75.5 kg (average shell length 42.5 mm) after 180 days. Feed conversion ratios increased slightly from 13.7 for the first 90 days to 16.3 thereafter. The shell growth rate of juvenile abalone between 24.5 mm and 34.8 mm was 3.4 mm month-1, while for juveniles between 34.8 mm and 42.5 mm it was 2.6 mm month-1. The total weight of abalone in the recirculating aquaculture system for the on-growing stage increased from 100.0 kg (average shell length 44.0 mm) to 433.3 kg (average shell length 72.7 mm) after 570 days. The feed conversion ratios for the first 173 days, the next 320 days, and the last 570 days were 19.6, 22.1, and 24.8, respectively. The growth rate of the average shell length during the on-growing period was 1.5 mm month-1. Total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) concentrations were stabilized below 0.12 mg l-1 in the juvenile recirculating system and 0.14 mg l-1 in the on-growing recirculating system after conditioning of the biofilters.

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