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A new Clathria (Porifera: Demospongiae: Microcionidae) from the Western Indian Ocean
Hooper, J.N.A.; Kelly, M.; Kennedy, A. (2000). A new Clathria (Porifera: Demospongiae: Microcionidae) from the Western Indian Ocean. Mem. Queensl. Mus. 45(2): 427-444
In: Memoirs of the Queensland Museum. Queensland Museum: Brisbane. ISSN 0079-8835, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    New species; Taxonomy; Clathria Schmidt, 1862 [WoRMS]; Demospongiae [WoRMS]; Microcionidae Carter, 1875 [WoRMS]; Porifera [WoRMS]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Hooper, J.N.A.
  • Kelly, M.
  • Kennedy, A.

Abstract
    A new species of microcionid marine sponge Clathria (Microciona) richmondi sp. nov. is described from Zanzibar, Tanzania, and is highly unusual in having extremely large accolada toxas that form dragmata and skeletal tracts within the choanosomal and ectosomal skeletons, rudimentary spination on echinating acanthostyles, a live blue colouration and a prominent sub-surface aquiferous system with radiate arrangement around oscules. The new species is compared with the other 64 species of Clathria described from the Western Indian Ocean, Southeast Africa and Arabian Gulf-Red Sea provinces, and other species known to have toxodragmata.

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