|C, N and P regeneration by a detritivorous fish, Liza haematocheila T. and S.: effects of temperature, diet and body size|Kang, B.; Xian, W. (2008). C, N and P regeneration by a detritivorous fish, Liza haematocheila T. and S.: effects of temperature, diet and body size. Aquacult. Int. 16(4): 319-331. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10499-007-9146-6
In: Aquaculture International. Springer: London. ISSN 0967-6120, more
Body size; Detritivores; Diets; Temperature; Marine
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Detritus, as a nutrients reservoir, affects the trophic structure and dynamics of communities and supports a greater diversity of species and longer food chains. Detritivorous fish is an important organism to regenerate the nutrients from sediments. Despite the numerous studies on the nutrients cycle in fish, only a few attempts have been made to quantify the regenerating ability. In the present study, we chose the common detritivorous fish redeye mullet as the research object. Redeye mullet is also a common poly-culture fish in China. Diet, including a commercial diet mostly used in aquaculture and a home-made diet with contents close to detritus, was used and considered as a fixed factor. Temperature was also considered as a fixed factor as much research has shown that temperature has significant effects on fish metabolism. Moreover, body size was regarded as a covariate under analysis of covariance. Three key nutrients, namely carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus, were used to measure the nutrient-regenerating ability of redeye mullet under laboratory conditions. The results showed that the nutrient regeneration in percent of the consumption decreased with increasing temperature. Carbon and nitrogen regeneration of redeye mullet fed on commercial diet was lower than those of the home-made diet group, while the opposite was found for phosphorus. In each group, the amount of regenerated nutrients increased linearly with body size. Fed on the home-made diet, 5-g fish at 25°C can regenerate 210.822 mg C, 37.533 mg N and 0.727 mg P per day.