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Effects of water depth on survival and growth of Argopecten purpuratus (Lamarck, 1819) spat in northern Chile
Avendaño, M.; Cantillánez Silva, M.; Thouzeau, G. (2008). Effects of water depth on survival and growth of Argopecten purpuratus (Lamarck, 1819) spat in northern Chile. Aquacult. Int. 16(5): 377-391. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10499-007-9151-9
In: Aquaculture International. Springer: London. ISSN 0967-6120, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Growth; Scallop culture; Spat collection; Survival; Argopecten purpuratus (Lamarck, 1819) [WoRMS]; Chile [Marine Regions]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Avendaño, M.
  • Cantillánez Silva, M.
  • Thouzeau, G.

Abstract
    Collection and suspended culture of Argopecten purpuratus spat in Japanese-type collectors was undertaken in the Rinconada Marine Reserve (Antofagasta, Chile) to determine growth variations between surface and bottom waters. Scallop spat was collected at 16-m depth and grown at 1- and 16-m depths. An initial settlement of ca. 13,000 post-larvae per bottom collector (2 cohorts) was observed on 3 February 2001. Two new cohorts settled in bottom collectors on 3 March, while no spat settlement occurred in surface collectors. The four cohorts exhibited substantial and different mortality rates over the study period, depending on the cohort and on-growing depth. The first and second cohorts exhibited mortality rates of 80.3 and 53.1% in bottom collectors, respectively, versus 29 and 43.6% in surface structures. The third and fourth cohorts exhibited mortality rates of 21.4 and 59.7% in bottom collectors, respectively. Mean shell height of scallop spat after 88 days of culture was 6.46 mm for the first cohort and 4.37 mm for the second cohort in bottom collectors, versus 10.33 and 7.31 mm in surface collectors, respectively. Mean post-larval growth rate in bottom collectors (86 µm day-1) was significantly lower than growth rate in surface collectors (146 µm day-1). Factors explaining the depth-related mortality and growth rates are discussed to improve scallop culture in the Reserve. It was concluded from the results that culture improvement in Antofagasta Bay would require collecting spat in bottom waters and raising it near the surface during initial cultivation stages.

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