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Prevalence of white spot syndrome virus infection detected by one-step and nested PCR in selected tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) hatcheries
Ayub, F.; Sarker, Md.Y.; Alam, Md.S. (2008). Prevalence of white spot syndrome virus infection detected by one-step and nested PCR in selected tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) hatcheries. Aquacult. Int. 16(5): 405-415. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10499-007-9153-7
In: Aquaculture International. Springer: London. ISSN 0967-6120, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Detection; PCR; Shrimp culture; Syndromes; Viruses; Penaeus monodon Fabricius, 1798 [WoRMS]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Ayub, F.
  • Sarker, Md.Y.
  • Alam, Md.S.

Abstract
    White spot syndrome (WSS) is considered as a great threat to commercial farming of the tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon). The causal agent of WSS is a DNA virus called white spot syndrome virus (WSSV). The prevalence of this dreadful virus infection has been studied in five randomly selected hatcheries located in the Cox's Bazar district of Bangladesh. Both one-step and nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) involving two pairs of primers, namely, 146F1/146R1 and 146F2/146R2, amplifying the 1447 bp and 941 bp fragments, respectively, were conducted to detect the WSSV. Out of 60 randomly collected shrimps, 12 (20%) were found to be positive by one-step PCR, while 18 (30%) were found to be positive by nested PCR. The nested PCR was found to be much more sensitive than the one-step PCR. The shrimp specimens showing clinical signs of WSS were positive for WSSV by both one-step and nested PCR. Some of the apparently healthy samples were also found to be positive for WSSV by nested PCR. Among the two primer-pairs, the inner pair amplifying the 941 bp fragment was more sensitive than the outer primer pair amplifying the 1447 bp fragment when used in one-step PCR.

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