|Zoeal evidence for brachyuran phylogeny|
Rice, A.L. (1983). Zoeal evidence for brachyuran phylogeny, in: Schram, F.R. (Ed.) Crustacean phylogeny. Crustacean Issues, 1: pp. 313-329
In: Schram, F.R. (Ed.) (1983). Crustacean phylogeny. Crustacean Issues, 1. A.A. Balkema: Rotterdam, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-6191-231-8. 372 pp., more
In: Schram, F.R. (Ed.) Crustacean Issues. Balkema/CRC Press/Taylor & Francis: Rotterdam. ISSN 0168-6356, more
The available zoeal evidence for brachyuran phylogeny is reviewed. Two main questions are addressed: first, the origin and early evolution of the primitive crab groups; and second, the subsequent phylogeny of the higher brachyurans. In both cases the evidence is equivical, and, as in adult studies, its successful interpretation depends on the recognition of primitive as opposed to derived characters and the discrimination of resemblances resulting from common ancestry and convergence. Tentative phylogenetic schemes, based entirely on the zoeal stages, are presented for the heterotrematous eubrachyurans.