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Inter- and intra-species variation in acute zinc tolerance of field-collected cladoceran populations
Muyssen, B.T.A.; Bossuyt, B.T.A.; Janssen, C.R. (2005). Inter- and intra-species variation in acute zinc tolerance of field-collected cladoceran populations. Chemosphere 61(8): 1159-1167
In: Chemosphere. Elsevier: Oxford. ISSN 0045-6535, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keywords
    Natural populations; Sensitivity; Zinc; Cladocera [WoRMS]; Fresh water

Authors  Top 
  • Muyssen, B.T.A., more
  • Bossuyt, B.T.A., more
  • Janssen, C.R., more

Abstract
    Acute zinc toxicity was assessed for 10 freshwater cladoceran species collected in six different ecosystems across Europe and for two standard laboratory-reared species (Daphnia magna and Ceriodaphnia dubia). The collected organisms belonged to five different genera: Daphnia (subgenus Daphnia and Ctenodaphnia), Ceriodaphnia, Simocephalus, Acroperus and Chydorus. The 48-h EC50 of the field-collected organisms tested in standard laboratory water ranged from 375 ± 141 to 4314 ± 1513 μg Zn l−1. The laboratory clone of D. magna was less sensitive than the majority of the field-collected species, while our laboratory Ceriodaphnia dubia was the second most sensitive. Considerable inter-species variation was found within the genus of Ceriodaphnia (factor 6) and within the genus Daphnia (factor 8). Among the different (sub)genera tested, Chydorus and Ctenodaphnia were significantly more tolerant than the others (up to a factor 3 difference). A significant positive relationship (r2 = 0.67, p < 0.05) between the mean cladoceran 48-h EC50 and the ambient zinc concentration of the different aquatic systems was demonstrated, suggesting a role of acclimation and/or adaptation. No significant correlation between the acute zinc tolerance and the length of the organisms was found.

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