|Effect of new soil metal immobilizing agents on metal toxicity to terrestrial invertebrates|
Lock, K.; Janssen, C.R. (2003). Effect of new soil metal immobilizing agents on metal toxicity to terrestrial invertebrates. Environ. Pollut. 121(1): 123-127
In: Environmental Pollution. Elsevier: Barking. ISSN 0269-7491, more
Ecotoxicology; Animalia [WoRMS]; Enchytraeus albidus Henle, 1837 [WoRMS]; Fresh water
Application of 5% (w:w) novel metal immobilizing agent reduced the water soluble, the calcium chloride extracted as well as the pore water concentration of zinc in soils from Maatheide, a metal contaminated site in the northeast of Belgium. Addition of the metal immobilizing agents also eliminated acute toxicity to the potworm Enchytraeus albidus and the earthworm Eisenia fetida and chronic toxicity to the springtail Folsomia candida. Cocoon production by E. fetida, however, was still adversely affected. These differences may be explained by the species dependent routes of metal uptake: F. candida is probably mainly exposed via pore water while in E. fetida dietary exposure is probably also important. From these results it is clear that organisms with different exposure routes should be used simultaneously to assess the environmental risk of metal contaminated soils.