|Changes of cytochrome P4501A mRNA expression and physiology responses in the olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus, exposed to benzo[a]pyrene|
|Choi, C.Y.; An, K.W.; Shin, H.S.; An, M.I.; Jo, P.G. (2008). Changes of cytochrome P4501A mRNA expression and physiology responses in the olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus, exposed to benzo[a]pyrene. Mar. Biol. Res. 4(6): 470-476. dx.doi.org/10.1080/17451000802232890|
|In: Marine Biology Research. Taylor & Francis: Oslo. ISSN 1745-1000, more|
Enzyme activity; Gene expression; Pollution effects; Seasonal variations; Paralichthys olivaceus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846) [WoRMS]; Marine
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Benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) is generated by the incomplete combustion of organic substances such as oil and coal, and is a widespread organic environmental contaminant in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. To determine the effects of BaP on organisms, we investigated its time- and dose-related effects on the levels of cytochrome P4501A (P4501A) mRNA in the liver and gills of the olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (QPCR) and measured the plasma glucose, cortisol, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels. The full-length olive flounder P4501A cDNA consists of 1566 nucleotides and encodes a 521-amino-acid protein. In the liver and gills, the expression of P4501A mRNA was highest 6 h after exposure to both 10 and 30 µg 1-1 BaP, and then decreased. In addition, the plasma parameters increased with exposure. These results suggest that P4501A plays an important role in the detoxification of BaP, which stressed the olive flounder. Therefore, these physiological parameters may be indicators of BaP-induced stress responses.