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Productivity of sea ice algae: in situ vs. Incubator methods
Smith, R.E.H.; Herman, A.W. (1991). Productivity of sea ice algae: in situ vs. Incubator methods, in: Nihoul, J.C.J. et al. Ice covered seas and ice edges. Physical, chemical and biological processes and interactions: proceedings of the 22th International Liège Colloquium on Ocean Hydrodynamics. Journal of Marine Systems, 2: pp. 97-110
In: Nihoul, J.C.J.; Djenidi, S. (1991). Ice covered seas and ice edges. Physical, chemical and biological processes and interactions: proceedings of the 22th International Liège Colloquium on Ocean Hydrodynamics. Journal of Marine Systems, 2. Elsevier Science Publishers: Amsterdam. 520 pp., more
In: Journal of Marine Systems. Elsevier: Tokyo; Oxford; New York; Amsterdam. ISSN 0924-7963, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Smith, R.E.H.
  • Herman, A.W.

Abstract
    Algae of annual sea ice in the high Arctic (Resolute Passage, N.W.T.) gave little evidence of serious photosynthetic impairment during the seasonal decline of the bottom ice bloom when measured in a light-gradient incubator using a popular technique. Measurements made in situ with a novel sampling and incubating device, however, yielded much lower production rates than expected from the incubator measurements. Maximum assimilation numbers averaged 0.223 mgC·mgChla−1·h−1 in incubator experiments but only 0.018 in situ, while photosynthetic efficiency averaged 0.0137 and 0.0069 [mgC·mgChla−1 ·h−1]·[μmol photons·m−2·s−1]−1 in the incubator and in sutu, respectively. Problems of tracer diffusion, temperature differentials and extracellullar release of dissolved organic carbon can help explain the discrepancy, but differences in the spectral availability of light (PUR) between incubator and estimated in situ conditions would tend to worsen the disagreement. Bottom ice algae appear to remain viable and potentially productive during the decline of the bloom, but may achieve relatively little production in situ, depending on which technique for measuring production is considered most accurate

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