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Mesoscale eddies and chimneys in the marginal ice zone
Sandven, S.; Johannessen, O.M.; Johannessen, J.A. (1991). Mesoscale eddies and chimneys in the marginal ice zone, in: Nihoul, J.C.J. et al. Ice covered seas and ice edges. Physical, chemical and biological processes and interactions: proceedings of the 22th International Liège Colloquium on Ocean Hydrodynamics. Journal of Marine Systems, 2: pp. 195-208
In: Nihoul, J.C.J.; Djenidi, S. (1991). Ice covered seas and ice edges. Physical, chemical and biological processes and interactions: proceedings of the 22th International Liège Colloquium on Ocean Hydrodynamics. Journal of Marine Systems, 2. Elsevier Science Publishers: Amsterdam. 520 pp., more
In: Journal of Marine Systems. Elsevier: Tokyo; Oxford; New York; Amsterdam. ISSN 0924-7963, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Sandven, S.
  • Johannessen, O.M.
  • Johannessen, J.A.

Abstract
    A review of observation and modeling of mesoscale eddies and chimneys in the marginal ice zone is presented. Deep water formation, which is important for the global climate, occurs only in a few locations of the world ocean mainly at high latitudes. Some of these locations are associated with eddies in or near the marginal ice zone of the Arctic as well as the Antarctic. Deep water formation is not a well understood process, investigations so far indicate that it can occur intermittently in winter time in narrow chimneys of very low stability which have a horizontal extent of order 10 km and are located in the upper few hundred meters of the water column.

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