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Reconnaissance of the main Black Sea's ecohydrodynamics by means of a 3D interdisciplinary model
Grégoire, M.; Beckers, J.-M.; Nihoul, J.C.J.; Stanev, E. (1998). Reconnaissance of the main Black Sea's ecohydrodynamics by means of a 3D interdisciplinary model, in: Delhez, E.J.M. (Ed.) Modelling hydrodynamically dominated manne ecosystems. Journal of Marine Systems, 16(Special Issue 1-2): pp. 85-105. dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0924-7963(97)00101-2
In: Delhez, E.J.M. (Ed.) (1998). Modelling hydrodynamically dominated manne ecosystems. Journal of Marine Systems, 16(Special Issue 1-2). Elsevier: Amsterdam. 1-190 pp., more
In: Journal of Marine Systems. Elsevier: Tokyo; Oxford; New York; Amsterdam. ISSN 0924-7963, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 237778 [ OMA ]
Document type: Conference paper

Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    Black Sea; mathematical models; ecohydrodynamics

Authors  Top 
  • Grégoire, M., more
  • Beckers, J.-M., more
  • Nihoul, J.C.J., more
  • Stanev, E.

Abstract
    A 3D interdisciplinary model has been used to test the sensitivity of the Black Sea's ecosystem to physical processes. The hydrodynamical model of the general circulation has been built up, using the GHER primitive equation model. A model with 15 km horizontal resolution and 25 vertical levels is used to compute the typical seasonal cycle. The model is forced by climatological monthly mean fields of temperature, salinity and wind stress at the air-sea interface; the river discharges of the Danube, Dnestr and Dnepr are taken into account. An ecosystem model at basin scale is then defined by a nitrogen cycle considering several phytoplankton and zooplankton sizes and including the microbial loop. The ecosystem model is embedded on-line into the 3D hydrodynamical model with a superimposed cycle for the light intensity. This model must be regarded rather as a first tool for testing the coupling of hydrodynamic and ecosystem submodels, while acquiring some preparatory assessment of the effect of physical processes on the ecodynamics. The results display a highly three-dimensional aspect with important horizontal and vertical variations, obviously imparted to the system by the physical processes (horizontal and vertical advection, vertical mixing and diffusion, upwelling…) associated with light limitation at depth and sinking of dead organisms. In this paper, the results are described emphasizing the effects of the hydrodynamic constraints on the space-time distribution of the primary and secondary production.

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