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Environmental impact of shipwrecks in the North Sea: I. Positive effects: epifauna of North Sea shipwrecks
Leewis, R.J.; Waardenburg, H.W. (1991). Environmental impact of shipwrecks in the North Sea: I. Positive effects: epifauna of North Sea shipwrecks. Wat. Sci. Tech. 24(10): 297-298
In: Water Science and Technology. IWA Publishing: Oxford. ISSN 0273-1223, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keywords
    Aquatic animals; Bioindicators; Environmental impact assessments; Marine environment; Offshore structures; Shipwrecks; Species composition; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Leewis, R.J.
  • Waardenburg, H.W., more

Abstract
    The paper reports on a study to assess qualitative and quantitative species composition of epifauna of shipwrecks, offshore platforms, etc., in the North Sea, and to identify possible biological indicators of water quality. Methods employed include diver estimates of cover for each species; phototransects, analyzed in the laboratory; and samples, analyzed in the laboratory. It was found that shipwrecks and other artificial hard substrates on thesea bottom consitutue an enrichment of diversity and natural recourses of that sea.

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