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Estado actual del cultivo de bivalvos en México
Maeda-Martínez, A.N. (2008). Estado actual del cultivo de bivalvos en México, in: Lovatelli, A. et al. (Ed.) (2008). Estado actual del cultivo y manejo de moluscos bivalvos y su proyección futura. factores que afectan su sustentabilidad en América Latina. Taller Técnico Regional de la FAO, 20-24 de agosto de 2007, Puerto Montt, chile. FAO Actas de Pesca y Acuicultura, 12: pp. 91-100
In: Lovatelli, A.; Farías, A.; Uriarte, I. (Ed.) (2008). Estado actual del cultivo y manejo de moluscos bivalvos y su proyección futura. factores que afectan su sustentabilidad en América Latina. Taller Técnico Regional de la FAO, 20-24 de agosto de 2007, Puerto Montt, chile. FAO Actas de Pesca y Acuicultura, 12. FAO: Rome. ISBN 978-92-5-306115-0. 359 pp., more
In: FAO Actas de Pesca y Acuicultura. FAO: Rome. ISSN 2071-1026, more

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  • Maeda-Martínez, A.N.

Abstract
    aquaculture is carried out almost exclusively in northwestern Mexico, on the Baja California Peninsula coast and the Gulf of California. Production is ranked fourth in Latin America following Chile, Brazil and Peru. The FAO production records started in 1987 and recorded 20 tonnes, wich subsequently rose to 2 200 tonnes in 1990. In1993 the production declined to 1 053 tonnes and then rose again to 2 500 in 1995 and 3 038 tonnes in 1997, following this production declined again to about 1 500 tonnes where it remained stable until 2005. Production derives mainly from the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) and to a lesser degree the Cortez oyster (Crassostrea corteziensis), the Mediterranean mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis), the Catarina scallop (Argopecten ventricosus) and the pearl oyster (Pteria sterna). Other emerging species such as the Pacific lion´s paw scallop (Nodipecten subnodosus) and the penshell (Atrina maura), have been produced commercially but production levels have not been continuous. In this paper, an explanation of the variations in production is given as well as an insight to the constraints that have restrained the development of bivalve aquaculture, regardless of the efforts made by aquaculturists and Mexican research institutes.

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