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Herramientas biotecnológicas en el cultivo de bivalvos
Bustamante, P. (2008). Herramientas biotecnológicas en el cultivo de bivalvos, in: Lovatelli, A. et al. (Ed.) (2008). Estado actual del cultivo y manejo de moluscos bivalvos y su proyección futura. factores que afectan su sustentabilidad en América Latina. Taller Técnico Regional de la FAO, 20-24 de agosto de 2007, Puerto Montt, chile. FAO Actas de Pesca y Acuicultura, 12: pp. 317-326
In: Lovatelli, A.; Farías, A.; Uriarte, I. (Ed.) (2008). Estado actual del cultivo y manejo de moluscos bivalvos y su proyección futura. factores que afectan su sustentabilidad en América Latina. Taller Técnico Regional de la FAO, 20-24 de agosto de 2007, Puerto Montt, chile. FAO Actas de Pesca y Acuicultura, 12. FAO: Rome. ISBN 978-92-5-306115-0. 359 pp., more
In: FAO Actas de Pesca y Acuicultura. FAO: Roma. ISSN 2071-1026, more

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  • Bustamante, P.

Abstract
    Genomic, transcriptomic and proteomic tools are changing the way we work and have opened up opportunities in all fields of research. These new technologies are alreadyhaving an impact on aquaculture activities, mainly in industrial countries. In this review we explore the potential and promise offered by these biotechnological tools to study bivalve organisms. Research based on genome maps, transcriptomics and proteomics is being carried out to study the genetic expression and molecular bases of traits of interest in bivalve farming industry, mainly disease susceptibility, tolerance to environmental stress and growth. The Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) is the focus of an international genome-sequencing consortium together with mitochondrial genome-sequencing of other bivalve species. The use of bivalves in pollution monitoring programmes has prompted the proteomic studies of the cell and organism responses to xenobiotics and pollutant agents. Unfortunately, these new technologies are not being implemented as fast as they should by Latin American countries given the importance of the aquaculture and fisheries activities in the region

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