|Genetics of the American oyster Crassostrea virginica Gmelin|
Longwell, A.C. (2003). Genetics of the American oyster Crassostrea virginica Gmelin. NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS 388: 75-87
In: NOAA Technical Report NMFS. NOAA: Washington, D.C.. ISSN 0892-8908, more
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The development of refined culture techniques for the commercial East Coast American oyster, Crassostrea virginica, at the U.S. government's Milford Laboratory (Loosanoff and Davis, 1963), along with the opening of experimental and commercial shellfish hatcheries in the United States, have led to an interest and modest support of genetic research on the oyster (Longwell, 1969; Longtvell and Stiles, 1970). Our growers of C. virginica, whether dealing with a wild oyster set in the field or with their own hatchery products, are faced with the dilemma of cultivating an organism which does either exceedingly well producing a superabundance or does very poorly, both for reasons seldom known. Part of the hoped for process of bringing this oyster under some greater measure of control by the cultivator necessitates some information on its genetic and breeding system. This is particularly so for profitable hatchery production and for the best pond culture. Knowledge of oyster genetics would also be of value for the special stocking of decimated beds or for the introduction of stock to previously uncultivated beds in the wild.