|Comparison of the sedimentation of a diatom spring bloom and of a subsurface chlorophyll maximum|
Olesen, M. (1995). Comparison of the sedimentation of a diatom spring bloom and of a subsurface chlorophyll maximum. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 121(3): 541-547
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
The seasonal pattern of sedimentation was determined over a 8-mo investigation period covering the productive season at a permanent station in the Southern Kattegat (Denmark) in 1990. The phytoplankton succession was characterised by a 4-mo long subsurface maximum associated with the pycnocline which was entirely dominated by the dinoflagellate Gyrodinium aureolum. The bulk sedimentation of organic matter took place during this period and accounted for >60% of the annual particulate organic carbon (POC) and particulate organic nitrogen (PON) sedimentation. The spring bloom period contributed 60% of the sedimentation of intact phytoplankton cells, but only 20% of the POC and PON sedimentation. A minor fraction of the sedimenting matter from the subsurface phytoplankton maximum consisted of intact phytoplankton (<20%), suggesting that the phytoplankton was processed by heterotrophs and that it was mainly products from this activity which contributed to thevertical flux of organic matter. The variation in oxygen concentration below the pycnocline coincided with the pattern of sedimentation with a delay of 3 to 6 wk.