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Pfiesteria piscicida Gen. et Sp. Nov. (Pfiesteriaceae Fam. Nov.) a new toxic dinoflagellate with a complex life and behaviour
Steidinger, K.A.; Burkholder, J.M.; Glasgow, H.B.; Hobbs, C.W.; Garrett, J.K.; Truby, E.W.; Noga, E.J.; Smith, S.D.A. (1996). Pfiesteria piscicida Gen. et Sp. Nov. (Pfiesteriaceae Fam. Nov.) a new toxic dinoflagellate with a complex life and behaviour. J. Phycol. 32(1): 157-164
In: Journal of Phycology. Blackwell Science: New York. ISSN 0022-3646, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

    Taxonomy; Pfiesteria K.A.Steidinger & J.M.Burkholder, 1996 [WoRMS]; Pfiesteria piscicida K.A.Steidinger & J.M.Burkholder, 1996 [WoRMS]

Authors  Top 
  • Steidinger, K.A.
  • Burkholder, J.M.
  • Glasgow, H.B.
  • Hobbs, C.W.
  • Garrett, J.K.
  • Truby, E.W.
  • Noga, E.J.
  • Smith, S.D.A.

    The newly described toxic dinoflagellate Pfiesteria piscicida is a polymorphic and multiphasic species with flagellated, amoeboid, and cyst stages. The species is structurally a heterotroph; however, the flagellated stages can have cleptochloroplasts in large food vacuoles and can temporarily function as mixotrophs. The flagellated stage has a typical mesokaryotic nucleus, and the theca is composed of four membranes, two of which are vesicular and contain thin plates arranged in a Kofoidian series of Po, cp, X, 4', 1a, 5", 6c, 4s, 5"', and 2"". The plate tabulation is unlike that of any other armored dinoflagellate. Nodules often demark the suture lines underneath the outer membrane, but fixation protocols can influence the detection of plates. Amoeboid benthic stages can be filose to lobose, are thecate, and have a reticulate or spiculate appearance. Amoeboid stages have a eukaryotic nuclear profile and are phagocytic. Cyst stages include a small spherical stage with a honeycomb, reticulate surface and possibly another stage that is elongate and oval to spherical with chrysophyte-like scales that can have long bracts. The species is placed in a new family, Pfiesteriaceae, and the order Dinamoebales is emended.

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