|Molecular and cellular indices of pollutant effects|
Moore, M.N. (1986). Molecular and cellular indices of pollutant effects, in: Giam, C.S. et al. (Ed.) Strategies and Advanced Techniques for Marine Pollution Studies: Mediterranean Sea. pp. 417-435
In: Giam, C.S.; Dou, H.J.-M. (Ed.) (1986). Strategies and Advanced Techniques for Marine Pollution Studies: Mediterranean Sea. NATO ASI Series G: Ecological sciences, 9. Springer: Berlin. , more
In: NATO ASI Series G: Ecological sciences. Kluwer: New York. ISSN 0258-1256, more
The impact of an environmental change on an organism is realized as alterations to various physiological, cellular or biochemical steady-states. If the organism in its altered condition is significantly less fitted for survival, growth and reproduction, then it is said to be under stress. The stress response is defined as a measurable alteration of a functional steady-state which is induced by an environmental change and which renders the individual (or the population) more vulnerable to further environmental change. The biological effects of pollutant-induced stress may therefore be measured as altered steady-states at different levels of functional complexity. This presentation considers biological stress responses at the molecular, subcellular and cellular levels of organization, with particular emphasis on the use for marine mussels and other molluscs as sentinel organisms for assessing pollutant effect.