|Risk assessment for mining metalliferous muds in the deep Red Sea|
Thiel, H.; Weikert, H.; Karbe, L. (1986). Risk assessment for mining metalliferous muds in the deep Red Sea. Ambio 15(1): 34-41
In: Ambio. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences: Oslo; Boston. ISSN 0044-7447; e-ISSN 1654-7209
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VLIZ: Non-open access 284655 [ request ]
Chemical elements > Metals
Mining > Offshore operations > Deep-sea mining
Sediments > Chemical sediments > Metalliferous sediments
ISW, Southwest Indian Ridge, Atlantis II Fracture
- Thiel, H.
- Weikert, H.
- Karbe, L.
Technical development and commercial evaluation have made feasible the mining of metalliferous muds from the Atlantis II Deep in the central Red Sea. However, this may create ocean-wide environmental risks. Industrial exploration has been accompanied by oceanographic research and by the development and application of numerical models for risk assessment of the daily discharge of about 100,000 tons of mined muds back into the sea. Results of environmental research indicate unsolved problems and suggest that only large-scale mining and discharge experiments will provide the opportunity for an appropriate final risk evaluation.