|Biological oceanography of the Red Sea oceanic system|
Thiel, H.; Weikert, H. (1984). Biological oceanography of the Red Sea oceanic system. Deep-Sea Res., Part 1, Oceanogr. Res. Pap. 31(6-8): 829-831
In: Deep-Sea Research, Part I. Oceanographic Research Papers. Elsevier: Oxford. ISSN 0967-0637, more
Deep-sea mining; Environmental impact; Marine ecology; ISW, Red Sea [Marine Regions]; Marine
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In 1977, 1979 and 1980-81, investigations were carried out which were aimed at evaluating the potential risks from mining metalliferous muds precipitated in the Atlantis II Deep of the central Red Sea. This environmental research was initiated by the Saudi Sudanese Red Sea Joint Commission in order to avoid any danger for the Red Sea ecosystem. The broad environmental research programme covered coherent studies in physical, chemical, biological, and geological oceanography as well as toxicological investigations in the oceanic and in reef zones. The biological investigations were concentrated on the area of the Atlantis II Deep. Benthos was sampled between 700-2000 m. For comparison a few samples were also taken further north in the central Red Sea, and to east and west along the flanking deep terraces (500-1000m). Plankton studies covered the total water column above the Deep, and were extended along the axial trough to north and south.