|Particle retention and selection by larvae and spat of Ostrea edulis in algal suspensions|
Wilson, J.H. (1980). Particle retention and selection by larvae and spat of Ostrea edulis in algal suspensions. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 57(2): 135-145
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Algae; Filtration; Grazing; Larvae; Stream flow; Temperature effects; Ostrea edulis Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]; Marine
Grazing rates and electivity indices of larvae and spat of Ostrea edulis L. were, measured and examined in relation to certain physical parameters using a flow-through system. Retention and size-selection were determined for the major particle sizes present in cultures of Isochrysis galbana Parke, an alga used frequently as food for bivalves. Cultures of the algae Dunaliella tertiolecta Butcher and Phaeodactylum tricornutum Bohlin were used as sources of particle suspensions of various sizes and shapes, respectively. While increases in flow rate caused increased grazing, the mode of selection of I. galbana particles remained constant. Filtration rate, Ff was related to body size, W, by the general allometric equation Rf =aWb,while particle-size preference in suspensions of I. galbana by both larvae and spat of O. edulis was independent of W. Grazing rates increased with temperature to an optimum temperature, which was related to the acclimation temperature. Increases above this optimum caused a reduction in feeding activity. No significant change in particle size-preference in the I. galbana suspension with temperature was observed. Grazing rates and selection were dependent, however, on particle number and volume. Both larvae and spat displayed maximum retention at optimum particle concentrations which tended to decrease with increasing particle size. Variations in cell shape of P. tricornutum had no measurable effect on selectivity by O. edulis.