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Measurement of the responses of mussels to environmental stress and pollution in Sullom Voe: a base-line study
Widdows, J.; Bayne, B.L.; Donkin, P.; Livingstone, D.R.; Lowe, D.M.; Moore, M.N.; Salkeld, P.N. (1981). Measurement of the responses of mussels to environmental stress and pollution in Sullom Voe: a base-line study. Proc., Sect. B Biol. Sci. 80: 323-338
In: Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Section B, Biological Sciences. Royal Society of Edinburgh: Edinburgh. ISSN 0269-7270, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Baseline studies; Biological stress; Indicator species; Marine pollution; Pollution effects; Mytilus edulis Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Widdows, J.
  • Bayne, B.L.
  • Donkin, P.
  • Livingstone, D.R.
  • Lowe, D.M.
  • Moore, M.N.
  • Salkeld, P.N.

Abstract
    The base-line study consisted of three visits to Sullom Voe before the oil terminal became operational. General stress indices were used to measure the health and condition of four native and two transplanted populations of mussels (Mytilus edulis ). All these general stress indices indicated that the mussel populations were in a relatively heatlhy physiological condition. In addition to the general stress indices, specific cellular responses known to be induced by petroleum hydrocarbons were monitored. The actiity of enzymes forming components of the mixed-function oxidase system (NADPH neotetrazolium reductase, G6PDH and NADP-ICDH, and aldrin epoxidation) were measured. The rationale for measuring these general and specific stress indices as part of a Sullom Voe environmental monitoring programme is discussed in the light of experiments with petroleum hydrocarbons in the laboratory and with reference to the future operation of the oil terminal.

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