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A note on the zooplankton distribution and diversity in a tropical mangrove creek system, Gazi, Kenya
Osore, M. (1992). A note on the zooplankton distribution and diversity in a tropical mangrove creek system, Gazi, Kenya. Hydrobiologia 247: 119-120
In: Hydrobiologia. Springer: The Hague. ISSN 0018-8158, more
Peer reviewed article  

Also published as
  • Osore, M. (1992). A note on the zooplankton distribution and diversity in a tropical mangrove creek system, Gazi, Kenya, in: Jaccarini, V. et al. (Ed.) The Ecology of Mangrove and Related Ecosystems: Proceedings of the International Symposium held at Mombasa, Kenya, 24-30 September 1990. Developments in Hydrobiology, 80: pp. 119-120, more

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Document type: Conference paper

Keyword
    Brackish water

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Abstract
    Gazi Creek is situated at some 40 km south of Mombasa (Kenya 4° 25' S, 39° 50' E) sampling stations are located in the creek mouth (stn 1), in the inner creek (stn 3) and intermediate (stn 2). Sampling is done twice a month; it starts from stn 1 through stn 2 up to stn 3. A 335 µm mesh size net is towed in near surface water for 5 minutes and the collected sample preserved in 5% formaldehyde. Hydrographic parameters are recorded during sampling. The work at Gazi is undertaken to survey the Zooplankton composition both qualitatively and quantitatively. 22 important taxa have been studied to determine their seasonal variation in abundance and distribution. Zooplankton population are highest in March (374 animals m- 3). The abundance gradually falls during the S"E" monsoon period (May-September) to the lowest value in August (30 animals m- 3) (see Fig. 1). Copepoda is the most abundant taxon throughout (48"5-92"4 %) (see Table 1). This group is found throughout the creek. Nevertheless, it is evident that the creek mouth has a higher diversity of Copepoda compared to the inner creek. Using the Margalef Index a consistently higher value has been observed in stn 1 compared to stn 3 (see Table 2). The surface water temperature decreases during the S"E" monsoon (28"0 to 25"5 OC) and it rises during the N"E" monsoon (29"0 to 35"5 OC). The trend in temperature variation corresponds broadly with zooplankton abundance (see Fig. 1), suggesting that zooplankton thrive best in warmer water. High Zooplankton counts were also observed around May (326 animals m- 3) during the long rains; probably due to high amounts of nutrients input. Generally, average monthly pH values vary only slightly but the pH up the creek is almost always lower than at the creek mouth. Salinity is quite constant at 35°/oo.

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