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Incorporating environmental variability in stock assessment: predicting recruitment, spawner biomass, and landings of sprat (Sprattus sprattus) in the Baltic Sea
MacKenzie, B.R.; Horbowy, J.; Köster, F.W. (2008). Incorporating environmental variability in stock assessment: predicting recruitment, spawner biomass, and landings of sprat (Sprattus sprattus) in the Baltic Sea. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 65(7): 1334-1341. dx.doi.org/10.1139/F08-051
In: Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences = Journal canadien des sciences halieutiques et aquatiques. National Research Council Canada: Ottawa. ISSN 0706-652X, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 149284 [ MOA ]

Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • MacKenzie, B.R., more
  • Horbowy, J.
  • Köster, F.W.

Abstract
    Temperature has a significant positive impact on recruitment of sprat, Sprattus sprattus, in the Baltic Sea. Here we evaluate whether an existing recruitment model for the year classes 1973–1999 can forecast recruitment for five new year classes. The coefficient of variation (CV) of predictions was 5%, and four of five new year classes were within 95% confidence limits of predictions made by the earlier model. We then assimilated climatic, oceanographic, and recruitment linkages and their uncertainty into the standard International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) assessment procedure to predict key advisory-related variables such as spawning stock biomass (SSB) and landings. These linkages enable a forecast of recruitment earlier than the annual assessment meeting. Forecasts made using the North Atlantic Oscillation to predict the 2006 year class showed that spawner biomass would be 15% lower than spawner biomass calculated using the ICES standard methodology. The difference in perception of future biomass does not affect the advice for the stock because the spawning stock biomass is greater than the critical biomass limit (SSB > BPA). However, when this is not the case or when it is desirable to broaden the ecosystem basis for fisheries management, incorporation of knowledge of recruitment processes may be beneficial.

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