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The missing layer: geo-technologies, communities, and implications for marine spatial planning
St. Martin, K.; Hall-Arber, M. (2008). The missing layer: geo-technologies, communities, and implications for marine spatial planning, in: Douvere, F. et al. (Ed.) (2008). The role of marine spatial planning in implementing ecosystem-based, sea use management. Marine Policy, 32(Spec. Issue 5): pp. 779-786
In: Douvere, F.; Ehler, C. (Ed.) (2008). The role of marine spatial planning in implementing ecosystem-based, sea use management. Marine Policy, 32(Spec. Issue 5). Elsevier: London. 759-843 pp., more
In: Marine Policy. Pergamon: Amsterdam. ISSN 0308-597X, more
Peer reviewed article

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Keywords
    Biophysics; Coastal zone management; Decision making; GIS; Mapping; Marine environment; Resource management; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • St. Martin, K.
  • Hall-Arber, M.

Abstract
    The assessment and management of marine resources is an increasingly spatial affair dependent upon emerging geo-technologies, such as geographic information systems, and the subsequent production of diverse layers of spatial information. These rapid developments are, however, focused on biophysical processes and data collection initiatives; the social landscape of the marine environment is undocumented and remains a "missing layer" in decision-making. As a result, the resource areas upon which stakeholders and communities are dependent are neither mapped nor integrated into planning processes. We report on a participatory method to map the presence of fishing communities at-sea. The lessons learned concerning the spatial representation of communities informs not only fisheries, but other sectors struggling to incorporate similarly the human dimensions of the marine environment in assessment and planning.

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