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Key elements and steps in the process of developing ecosystem-based marine spatial planning
Gilliland, P.M.; Laffoley, D. (2008). Key elements and steps in the process of developing ecosystem-based marine spatial planning, in: Douvere, F. et al. (Ed.) (2008). The role of marine spatial planning in implementing ecosystem-based, sea use management. Marine Policy, 32(Spec. Issue 5): pp. 787-796
In: Douvere, F.; Ehler, C. (Ed.) (2008). The role of marine spatial planning in implementing ecosystem-based, sea use management. Marine Policy, 32(Spec. Issue 5). Elsevier: London. 759-843 pp., more
In: Marine Policy. Pergamon: Amsterdam. ISSN 0308-597X, more
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Keywords
    Boundaries; Ecosystems; Land use planning; Marine environment; Objectives; Priorities; Spatial data; Spatial planning; Stakeholders; Sustainable development; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Gilliland, P.M.
  • Laffoley, D.

Abstract
    Marine spatial planning (MSP) is an essential tool for delivering an Ecosystem Approach and should add value to existing management measures for the marine environment. It should be based on a clear set of principles with a sustainable development purpose. Developing MSP can draw selectively on extensive experiences in terrestrial land use planning. A nested approach with appropriate planning activity at different spatial scales is recommended. Defining appropriate management units is important and particular effort will be required where these do not align with ecosystem boundaries. The timeframe for plans is tending to increase from around 10 to 20+ years, but review periods are required which enable a balance between stability and relevance. This article focuses on the key steps in the planning process of developing ecosystem-based MSP. The importance of setting specific objectives, including as a context for the full range of relevant spatial data, and determining priorities is emphasised. It is also suggested that stakeholder engagement, including the way it is undertaken, is critical to different stages of the process.

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