|Ultrastructural comparison of the spermatozoa of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas inhabiting polluted and relatively clean areas in Taiwan|
|Yurchenko, O.V.; Radashevsky, V.I.; Hsieh, H.-L.; Reunov, A.A. (2009). Ultrastructural comparison of the spermatozoa of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas inhabiting polluted and relatively clean areas in Taiwan. Aquat. Ecol. 43(2): 513-519|
|In: Aquatic Ecology. Springer: Berlin. ISSN 1386-2588, more|
Mollusks; Pollution; Reproduction; Spermatozoa; Bivalvia [WoRMS]; ISEW, Taiwan [gazetteer]; Marine
The ultrastructure of spermatozoa of the Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas from an industrially polluted area on the Hsinchu City coast and a relatively clean aquaculture area on Penghu Island, Taiwan, was studied. Oyster gonads were sectioned and examined with light and transmission electron microscopes. The number of spermatozoa in the acinus lumen was significantly lower in oysters from the polluted area than that from the relatively clean area (160 ± 33 cells per 0.01 mm2 against 280 ± 42 cells per 0.01 mm2, respectively, P < 0.01). Oysters from the polluted area on the Hsinchu City coast had 26.6% spermatozoa with damaged acrosome, coarsely granular chromatin and electron-lucent areas in the nucleus; cell membrane, mitochondria and flagellum were frequently absent in these spermatozoa. By contrast, oysters from the clean area on Penghu Island had 0.4% spermatozoa with the same impairments. Sea water temperature and salinity were similar in the two areas, whereas concentrations of nitrogenous nutrients and heavy metals (e.g., cadmium, copper, and zinc) were higher in the industrially polluted area. It is suggested that high percentage of impairments in the spermatozoa of oysters from the industrial area is attributable to environmental pollution.