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The natural and chemical dispersion of oil in the sea
Cormack, D.; Nichols, J.A. (1977). The natural and chemical dispersion of oil in the sea. Rapp. et Proc.-Verb. Cons. Int. Explor. Mer 171: 97-100
In: Rapports et Procès-Verbaux des Réunions du Conseil Permanent International pour l'Exploration de la Mer. Conseil Permanent International pour l'Exploration de la Mer: Copenhagen. ISSN 0074-4336, more

Also published as
  • Cormack, D.; Nichols, J.A. (1977). The natural and chemical dispersion of oil in the sea, in: McIntyre, A.D. et al. (Ed.) (1977). Petroleum Hydrocarbons in the Marine Environment: Proceedings from ICES Workshop held in Aberdeen 9-12 September 1975. Rapports et Procès-Verbaux des Réunions du Conseil Permanent International pour l'Exploration de la Mer, 171: pp. 97-100, more

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Keywords
    Chemistry; Dispersion; Marine environment; Oil pollution; Weather conditions; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Cormack, D.
  • Nichols, J.A.

Abstract
    The contribution of dispersion to the natural fate of oil slicks at sea is considered in relation to wind and wave conditions. Data are presented on the concentrations of dispersed hydrocarbons at various depths beneath crude oil and refined oil slicks. Estimates are given of the maximum amount of oil likely to be dispersed naturally. The role of chemicals to enhance oil dispersion is discussed and the equipment used in the UK to treat oil slicks at sea is described. Data are presented, showing the rapid rate of dilution of chemically dispersed oil to background levels under relatively calm sea conditions.

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